Sura Al-Maidah (The Table Spread)
Sheikh / Mahmoud AlHosary

  • In the Name of God, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful

    5:1 O you who believe! Fulfill your undertakings. The beast of cattle is made lawful to you (for food) except that which is announced to you (herein), game being unlawful when you are on pilgrimage. Lo! God ordains that which pleases Him.

    5:2 O you who believe! Profane not God's monuments nor the sacred month nor the offerings nor the garlands, nor those repairing to the Sacred House, seeking the grace and pleasure of God. But when you have left the sacred territory, then go hunting (if you will). And let not your hatred of a folk who (once) stopped your going to the Inviolable Place of Worship seduce you to transgress; but help you one another to piety and self-restraint. Help not one another to sin and transgression, and fear God. Lo! God is Severe in punishment.

    5:3 Forbidden to you (for food) are carrion and blood and swine flesh, and that which has been dedicated to any other than God, and the strangled, and the dead through beating, and the dead through falling from a height, and that which has been killed by (the goring of) horns, and the devoured of wild beasts, saving that which you make lawful (by the death stroke), and that which has been immolated to idols. And (forbidden is it) that you swear by the divining arrows. This is an abomination. This day are those who disbelieve in despair of (ever harming) your religion; so fear them not, fear Me! This day have I perfected your religion for you and completed My favor to you, and have chosen for you as religion Islam. Whoever is forced by hunger, not by will, to sin: (for him) lo! God is Forgiving, Merciful.

    5:4-5 They ask you (O Muhammad) what is made lawful for them. Say: (all) good things are made lawful for you. And those beasts and birds of prey which you have trained as hounds are trained, you teach them that which God taught you; so eat of that which they catch for you and mention God's name upon it, and fear God. Lo! God is Swift to take account. This day are (all) good things made lawful for you. The food of those who have received the Scripture is lawful for you, and your food is lawful for them. And so are the virtuous women of the believers and the virtuous women of those who received the Scripture before you (lawful for you) when you give them their marriage portions and live with them in honor, not in fornication, or taking them as secret concubines. Whoever denies the faith, his work is in vain and he will be among the losers in the Hereafter.

    5:6 O you who believe! When you rise up for prayer, wash your face, and your hands up to the elbows, and lightly rub your heads and (wash) your feet up to the ankles. And if you are unclean, purify yourselves. And if you are sick or on a journey, or one of you comes from answering the call of nature, or you have had contact with women, and you find not water, then go to clean, high ground and rub your faces and your hands with some of it. God would not place a burden on you, but He would purify you and would perfect His grace upon you, that you may give thanks.

    5:7-10 Remember God's grace upon you and His covenant by which He bound you when you said: We hear and we obey; and fear God. God knows what is in the breasts (of men). O you who believe! Be steadfast witnesses for God in equity, and let not hatred of any people seduce you that you deal not justly. Be just: that is next to piety, and fear God. Lo! God is informed of what you do. God has promised those who believe and do good works: Theirs will be forgiveness and an immense reward. And they who disbelieve and deny Our revelations, such are rightful inhabitants of Hell.

    5:11 O you who believe! Remember God's favor to you, how a people were minded to stretch out their hands against you but He withheld their hands from you; and fear God. Let believers put their trust in God.

    5:12-13 God made a covenant of old with the Children of Israel and We raised among them twelve chieftains: and God said: Lo! I am with you. If you establish worship and pay the poor-due, and believe in My Messengers and support them, and lend to God a kindly loan, surely I shall expiate your sins, and surely I shall bring you into Gardens underneath which rivers flow. Whoever among you disbelieves after this, will go astray from a plain road. And because of their breaking their covenant, We have cursed them and made their hearts hard. They change words from their context and forget a part of that whereof they were admonished. You will not cease to discover treachery from all except a few of them. But bear with them and pardon them. Lo! God loves those who do right.

    5:14 And with those who say: `Lo! We are Christians,' We made a covenant, but they forgot a part of that whereof they were admonished. Therefore We have stirred up enmity and hatred among them till the Day of Resurrection, when God will inform them of their handiwork.

    5:15-16 O People of the Scripture! Now has Our Messenger come to you, expounding to you much of that which you used to hide in the Scripture, and forgiving much. Now has come to you light from God and a plain Scripture, whereby God guides him who seeks His good pleasure to paths of peace. He brings them out of darkness into light by His decree, and guides them to a straight path.

    5:17 They indeed have disbelieved who say: Lo! God is the Messiah, son of Mary. Say: Who then can do anything against God, if He had willed to destroy the Messiah, son of Mary, and his mother and everyone on earth? God's is the supreme power of the heavens and the earth and all that is between them. He creates what He wills. And God is Able to do all things.

    5:18 The Jews and Christians say: We are sons of God and His loved ones. Say: Why then does He punish you or your sins? Nay, you are but mortals of His creating. He forgives whom He wills, and punishes whom He wills. God's is the supreme power of the heavens and the earth and all that is between them, and to Him is the journeying.

    5:19 O People of the Scripture! Now has Our Messenger come to you to make things plain after an interval (of cessation) of the Messengers, lest you should say: There came not to us a Messenger of cheer or any warner. Now has a Messenger of cheer and a warner come to you. God is Able to do all things.

    5:20-21 And (remember) when Moses said to his people: O my people! Remember God's favor to you, how He placed among you Prophets, and He made you kings, and gave you that (which) He gave not to any (other) of (His) creatures. O my people! Go into the holy land that God has ordained for you. Turn not in flight, for surely you turn back as losers:

    5:22-24 They said: O Moses! Lo! A giant people (dwell) therein, and lo! We go not in, until they go forth from there. When they go forth, then we will enter (not till then). Then out spoke two of those who feared (their Lord, men) to whom God had been gracious: Enter in upon them by the gate, for if you enter by it, lo! You will be victorious. So put your trust (in God) if you are indeed believers. They said: O Moses! We will never enter (the land) while they are in it. So go you and your Lord and fight! We will sit here.

    5:25 He said: My Lord! I have control of none but myself and my brother, so distinguish between us and the wrongdoing folk.

    5:26-31 (Their Lord) said: For this the land will surely be forbidden them for forty years that they will wander in the earth, bewildered. So grieve not over the wrongdoing folk. But recite to them with truth the tale of the two sons of Adam, how they each offered a sacrifice, and it was accepted from the one of them and it was not accepted from the other. (The one) said: I will surely kill you. (The other) answered: God accepts only from those who are pious. Even if you stretch out your hand against me to kill me, I shall not stretch out my hand against you to kill you, lo! I fear God, the Lord of the Worlds. Lo! I would rather you should bear the punishment of the sin against me and your own sin and become one of the inhabitants of the Fire. That is the reward of evildoers. But (the other's) mind imposed on him the killing of his brother, so he slew him and became one of the losers. Then God sent a raven scratching up the ground, to show him how to hide his brother's naked corpse. He said: Woe to me! Am I not able to be as this raven and so hide my brother's naked corpse? And he became repentant.

    5:32 For that cause We decreed for the Children of Israel that whosoever kills a human being for other than manslaughter or corruption in the earth, it shall be as if he had killed all humankind, and whoever saves the life of one, it shall be as if he had saved the life of all humankind. Our Messengers came to them of old with clear proofs (of God's supreme power), but afterwards lo! Many of them became prodigals in the earth.

    5:33-34 The only reward of those who make war upon God and His Messenger and strive after corruption in the land will be that they will be killed or crucified, or have their hands and feet on alternate sides cut off, or will be expelled from the land. Such will be their degradation in the world, and in the Hereafter theirs will be an awful punishment; except those who repent, before you overpower them. For know that God is Forgiving, Merciful.

    5:35 O you who believe! Fear God, and seek the way of approach to Him, and fight hard in His way in order that you may succeed.

    5:36-37 As for those who disbelieve, lo! If all that is in the earth were theirs, and as much again therewith, to ransom them from the punishment on the Day of Resurrection, it would not be accepted from them. Theirs will be a painful punishment. They will wish to come out from the Fire, but they will not come from it. Theirs will be a lasting punishment.

    5:38 As for the thief, both male and female, cut off their hands. It is the reward of their own deeds, an exemplary punishment from God. God is Mighty, Wise.

    5:39-40 But whoever repents after his wrongdoing and amends, lo! God will accept his repentance. Lo! God is Forgiving, Merciful. Know you not that to God belongs the supreme power of the heavens and the earth? He punishes whom He wills, and forgives whom He wills. God is Able to do all things.

    5:41-42 O Messenger! Let not them grieve you who vie with one another in the race to disbelief, those that say with their mouths: `We believe,' but their hearts believe not, and of the Jews: listeners for the sake of falsehood, listeners on behalf of other folk who come not to you, changing words from their context and saying: If this be given to you, receive it but if this be not given to you, then beware! He whom God destines to sin, you (by your efforts) will avail him nothing against God. Those are they for whom the will of God is that He cleanses not their hearts. Theirs in the world will be humiliation, and in the Hereafter an awful punishment, listeners for the sake of falsehood! Greedy for illicit gain! If then they have recourse to you (Muhammad) judge between them or disclaim jurisdiction. If you disclaim jurisdiction, then they cannot harm you at all. But if you judge, judge between them with equity. Lo! God loves the equitable.

    5:43-45 How come they to you for judgment when they have the Torah, wherein God has delivered judgment (for them)? Yet even after that they turn away. Such (folk) are not believers. Lo! We did reveal the Torah, wherein is guidance and a light, by which the Prophets who surrendered (to God) judged the Jews, and the rabbis and the priests (judged) by such of God's Scripture as they were bidden to observe, and there too were they witnesses. So fear not people, but fear Me. And barter not My revelations for a little gain. Whoever judges not by that which God has revealed: such are disbelievers. And We prescribed for them therein: The life for the life, and the eye for the eye, and the nose for the nose, and the ear for the ear, and the tooth for the tooth, and for wounds retaliation. But whoever forgoes it (in the way of charity) it shall be expiation for him. Whoever judges not by that which God has revealed: such are wrongdoers.

    5:46-47 And We caused Jesus, son of Mary, to follow in their footsteps, confirming that which was (revealed) before him, and We bestowed on him the Gospel wherein is guidance and a light, confirming that which was (revealed) before it in the Torah a guidance and an admonition to those who are pious. Let the People of the Gospel judge by that which God has revealed therein. Whoever judges not by that which God has revealed; such are evildoers.

    5:48-50 And to you have We revealed the Scripture with the truth, confirming whatever Scripture was before it, and a watcher over it. So judge between them by that which God has revealed, and follow not their desires away from the truth that has come to you. For each We have appointed a divine law and a traced out way. Had God willed He could have made you one community. But that He may try you by that which He has given you (He has made you as you are). So vie with one another in good works. To God you will all return, and He will then inform you of that wherein you differ. So judge between them by that which God has revealed, and follow not their desires, but beware of them lest they seduce you from some part of that which God has revealed to you. And if they turn away, then know that God's will is to smite them for some sin of theirs. Lo! Many of people are evildoers. Is it a judgment of the time of (pagan) ignorance that they are seeking? Who is better than God for judgment to a people who have certainty (in their belief)?

    5:51-53 O you who believe! Take not the Jews and Christians for helpers (and protectors). They are helpers (and protectors) one to another. He among you who takes them for helpers (and protectors) is (one) of them. Lo! God guides not wrongdoing folk. And you see those in whose heart is a disease race toward them, saying: We fear lest a change of fortune befalls us. And it may happen that God will give (to you) the victory, or a commandment from His presence. Then will they repent of their secret thoughts. Then will the believers say (to the People of the Scripture): Are these they who swore by God their most binding oaths that they were surely with you? Their works have failed, and they have become the losers.

    5:54 O you who believe! Whoever of you becomes a renegade from his religion, (know that in his stead) God will bring a people whom He loves and who love Him, humble toward believers, stern toward disbelievers, fight hard in the way of God and will fear not the blame of any blamer. Such is the grace of God that He gives to whom He wills. God is All Embracing, All Knowing.

    5:55-56 Your helper (and protector) can be only God; and His Messenger and those who believe, who establish worship and pay the poor-due, and bow down (in prayer). And whoever takes God and His Messenger and those who believe for friend (will know that), lo! The party of God, they are the victorious.

    5:57-58 O you who believe! Choose not for helpers (and protectors) such of those who received the Scripture before you, and of the disbelievers, as make a jest and sport of your religion. And fear God if you are true believers. And when you call to prayer they take it for a jest and sport. That is because they are a folk who understand not.

    5:59-60 Say: O People of the Scripture! Do you blame us for anything else than that we believe in God and that which is revealed to us and that which was revealed before, and because most of you are evildoers? Shall I tell you of a worse (case) than theirs for retribution with God? Worse (is the case of him) whom God has cursed, him on whom His wrath has fallen! Worse is he of whose sort God has turned some to apes and swine, and who worships idols. Such are in worse plight and further astray from the plain road.

    5:61-63 When they come to you (Muslims), they say: We believe; but they came in unbelief and they went out in the same; and God knows best what they were hiding. And you see many of them vying with one another in sin and transgression and their devouring of illicit gain. Verily evil is what they do. Why do the rabbis and the priests not forbid their uttering sinful words and their devouring of illicit gain? Verily evil is their handiwork.

    5:64 The Jews say: God's Hand is fettered. Their hands are fettered and they are accursed for saying so. Nay, but both His hands are spread out wide in bounty. He bestows as He wills. That which has been revealed to you from your Lord is certain to increase the contumacy and disbelief of many of them, and We have cast among them enmity and hatred till the Day of Resurrection. As often as they light a fire for war, God extinguishes it. Their effort is for corruption in the land, and God loves not corrupters.

    5:65-66 If only the People of the Scripture would believe and adopt piety, surely We should expiate their sins from them and surely We should bring them into Gardens of Delight. If they had observed the Torah and the Gospel and that which was revealed to them from their Lord, they would surely have been nourished from above them and from beneath their feet. Among them there are people who are moderate, but many of them are of evil conduct.

    5:67-69 O Messenger! Make known that which has been revealed to you from your Lord, for if you do it not, you will not have conveyed His message. God will protect you from people. Lo! God guides not the disbelieving folk. Say: O People of the Scripture! You have nothing (of guidance) till you observe the Torah and the Gospel and that which was revealed to you from your Lord. That which is revealed to you (Muhammad) from your Lord is certain to increase the contumacy and disbelief of many of them. But grieve not for the disbelieving folk. Lo! Those who believe, and those who are Jews, and Sabaeans, and Christians – whosoever believes in God and the Last Day and does right – no fear shall come upon them neither shall they grieve.

    5:70-71 We made a covenant of old with the Children of Israel and We sent to them Messengers. As often as a Messenger came to them with that which their souls desired not (they became rebellious). Some (of them) they denied and some they slew. They thought no harm would come of it, so they were willfully blind and deaf. And afterward God turned (in mercy) toward them. Now (even after that) are many of them willfully blind and deaf. God is the Seer of what they do.

    5:72-74 They surely disbelieve who say: Lo! God is the Messiah, son of Mary. The Messiah (himself) said: O Children of Israel, worship God, my Lord and your Lord. Lo! Whoever ascribes partners to God, for him God has forbidden Paradise. His abode is the Fire. For evildoers there will be no helpers. They surely disbelieve who say: Lo! God is the third of three; when there is no God except the One God. If they desist not from saying so, a painful punishment will fall on those of them who disbelieve. Will they not rather repent to God and seek forgiveness of Him? For God is Forgiving, Merciful.

    5:75-76 The Messiah, son of Mary, was no other than a Messenger, Messengers (the like of whom) had passed away before him. And his mother was a truthful woman. And they both used to eat (earthly) food. See how we make the revelations clear for them, and see how they are turned away! Say: Worship you in place of God that which possesses for you neither hurt nor use? God it is Who is the Hearer, the Knower.

    5:77-79 Say: O People of the Scripture! Stress not in your religion other than the truth, and follow not the vain desires of folk who erred of old and led many astray, and erred from a plain road. Those of the Children of Israel who went astray were cursed by the tongue of David, and of Jesus, son of Mary. That was because they rebelled and used to transgress. They restrained not one another from wickedness. Verily evil was that they used to do!

    5:80-81 You see many of them taking as helpers (and protectors) those who disbelieve. Surely, ill for them is that which they themselves send on before them: that God will be wroth with them and in the punishment they will abide. If they believed in God and the Prophet and that which is revealed to him, they would not choose them for their helpers (and protectors). But many of them are of evil conduct.

    5:82 You will find the most vehement of people in hostility to those who believe (to be) the Jews and the idolaters. And you will find the nearest of them in affection to those who believe (to be) those who say: Lo! We are Christians. That is because there are among them priests and monks, and because they are not proud.

    5:83-84 When they listen to that which has been revealed to the Messenger, you see their eyes overflowing with tears because of their recognition of the Truth. They say: Our Lord, we believe. Inscribe us as among the witnesses. How should we not believe in God and that which has come to us of the Truth? And (how should we not) hope that our Lord will bring us in, along with righteous folk?

    5:85-86 God has rewarded them for that saying: Gardens underneath which rivers flow, wherein they will abide forever. That is the reward of the good. But those who disbelieve and deny Our revelations, they are inhabitants of the Hell-fire.

    5:87-88 O you who believe! Forbid not the good things that God has made lawful for you, and transgress not. Lo! God loves not transgressors. Eat of that which God has bestowed on you as food lawful and good, and fear God in Whom you are believers.

    5:89 God will not take you to task for that which is unintentional in your oaths, but He will take you to task for the oaths which you swear in earnest. The expiation for this is the feeding of ten of the needy with the average of what you feed your own folk, or the clothing of them, or the liberation of a slave, and for him who finds not (the wherewithal to do so) then a three-day fast. This is the expiation of your oaths that you have sworn; and keep your oaths. Thus God expounds to you His revelations in order that you may give thanks.

    5:90-91 O you who believe! Strong drink and games of chance and idols and divining arrows are only an infamy of Satan's handiwork. Leave it aside in order that you may succeed. Satan seeks only to cast among you enmity and hatred by means of strong drink and games of chance, and to turn you from remembrance of God and from (His) worship. Will you then have it done?

    5:92-93 Obey God and obey the Messenger, and beware! But if you turn away, then know that the duty of Our Messenger is only plain conveyance (of the message). There shall be no sin (imputed) to those who believe and do good works for what they may have eaten (in the past). So fear (God), and do good works; and again: fear (God), and believe; and once again: fear (God), and do right. God loves the good.

    5:94-96 O you who believe! God will surely try you somewhat (in the matter) of the game, which you take with your hands and your spears, that God may know him, who fears Him in secret. Whoever transgresses after this, for him there is a painful punishment. O you who believe! Kill no wild game while you are on the pilgrimage. Whoever of you kills it of set purpose, he shall pay its forfeit in the equivalent of that which he has killed, of domestic animals, the judge to be two men among you known for justice; (the forfeit) to be brought as an offering to the Kabah; or, for expiation, he shall feed poor persons, or the equivalent thereof in fasting, that he may taste the evil consequences of his deed. God forgives whatever (of this kind) may have happened in the past, but whoever relapses, God will take retribution from him. God is Mighty, Able to requite (the wrong). To hunt and to eat the fish of the sea is made lawful for you, a provision for you and for seafarers; but to hunt on land is forbidden you so long as you are on the pilgrimage. And fear God, to Whom you will be gathered.

    5:97-98 God has appointed the Kabah, the Sacred House, a standard for people, and the sacred month and the offerings and the garlands. That is so that you may know that God knows whatsoever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth, and that God is Knower of all things. Know that God is severe in punishment, but that God (also) is Forgiving, Merciful.

    5:99-100 The duty of the Messenger is only to convey (the message) God knows what you proclaim and what you hide. Say: Evil and good are not alike, even though the plenty of evil attracts you. So fear God, O men of understanding that you may succeed.

    5:101-102 O you who believe! Ask not of things that, if they were made known to you, would trouble you; but if you ask of them when the Quran is being revealed, they will be made known to you. God pardons this, for God is Forgiving, Forbearing. A folk, before you, asked (for such disclosures) and then disbelieved therein.

    5:103-104 God has not appointed anything in the nature of a Bahirah or a Saibah or a Wasilah or a Hami , but those who disbelieve invent a lie against God. Most of them have no sense. And when it is said to them : Come to that which God has revealed and to the Messenger, they say : Enough for us is that wherein we found our fathers. What! Even though their fathers had no knowledge whatsoever, and no guidance?

    5:105 O you who believe! You have charge of your own souls. He who errs cannot injure you if you are rightly guided. To God you will all return; and then He will inform you of what you used to do.

    5:106-108 O you who believe! Let there be witnesses between you when death draws near to one of you, at the time of bequest – two witnesses, just men from among you, or two others from another tribe, in case you are campaigning in the land and the calamity of death befalls you. You shall detain them both after the prayer, and if you doubt, they shall be made to swear by God (saying): We will not take a bribe, even though it were (on behalf of) a near kinsman nor will we hide the testimony of God, for then indeed we should be of the sinful. But then, if it is afterwards ascertained that both of them merit (the suspicion of) sin, let two others take their place of those nearly concerned, and let them swear by God, (saying): Verily our testimony is truer than their testimony and we have not transgressed (the bounds of duty), for then indeed we should be of the evildoers. Thus it is more likely that they will hear true witness or fear that after their oath, the oath (of others) will be taken. So fear God and hearken. God guides not the froward folk.

    5:109 In the Day when God gathers together the Messengers, and says: What was your response (from people)? They will say: We have no knowledge. Lo! You, only You are the Knower of Things Hidden.

    5:110-111 When God says: O Jesus, son of Mary! Remember My favor to you and to your mother; how I strengthened you with the holy Spirit, so that you spoke to people in the cradle, as in maturity; and how I taught you the Scripture and Wisdom and the Torah and the Gospel; and how you shaped clay as it were the likeness of a bird by My permission, and did blow upon it and it was a bird by My permission, and you did heal him who was born blind and the leper by My permission; and how you did raise the dead, by My permission and how I restrained the Children of Israel from (harming) you when you came to them with clear proofs, and those of them who disbelieved exclaimed: This is nothing other than mere magic; and when I inspired the disciples, (saying): Believe in Me and in My Messenger, they said: We believe. Bear witness that we are Muslims (have surrendered to Thee).

    5:112-115 When the disciples said: O Jesus, son of Mary! Is your Lord able to send down for us a table spread with food from heaven? He said: Fear God, if you are true believers. (They said:) We wish to eat thereof, that we may satisfy our hearts and know that you have spoken the truth to us, and that we may be witnesses. Jesus, son of Mary, said: O God, Lord of us! Send down for us a table spread with food from heaven, that it may be a feast for us, for the first of us and for the last of us, and a sign from You. Give us sustenance, for You are the Best Of Sustainers. God said: Lo! I send it down for you. And whoever disbelieves of you afterward, I will surely punish him with a punishment wherewith I have not punished any of (My) creatures.

    5:116-118 And when God says: O Jesus, son of Mary! Did you say to people: Take my mother and me, for two gods beside God? He says: Be glorified It was not mine to utter that to which I had no right. If I used to say it, then, You knew it. You know what is in my mind, and I know not what is in Your mind. Lo! You, only You, are the Knower of Things Hidden. I spoke to them only that which You commanded me, (saying): Worship God, my Lord and your Lord. I was a witness of them while I lived among them, and when You took me You were the Watcher over them. You are Witness over all things. If You punish them, lo! They are Your slaves, and if You forgive them (lo! They are Your slaves). Lo! You, only You, are the Mighty, the Wise.

    5:119-120 God says: This is a day in which their truthfulness profits the truthful, for theirs are Gardens underneath which rivers flow, wherein they are secure forever, God taking pleasure in them and they in Him. That is the great triumph. To God belongs the supreme power of the heavens and the earth and whatsoever is therein, and He is Able to do all things.