Sura At-Taubah (Repentance)
Sheikh / AbdulBaset AbdulSamad

  • 9:1-2 Freedom from obligation (is proclaimed) from God and His Messenger toward those of the polytheists with whom you made a treaty: Travel freely in the land four months, and know that you cannot escape God and that God will disgrace the disbelievers (in His guidance).

    9:3-5 And a proclamation from God and His Messenger to all people on the day of the Greater Pilgrimage that God is free from obligation to the polytheists, and (so is) His Messenger. So, if you repent, it will be better for you; but if you are averse, then know that you cannot escape God. Give tidings (O Muhammad) of a painful punishment to those who disbelieve. Excepting those of the polytheists with whom you (Muslims) have a treaty, and who have since abated nothing of your right nor have supported anyone against you. (As for these), fulfill their treaty to them till their term. Lo! God loves those who keep their duty (to Him). Then, when the sacred months have passed, slay the polytheists wherever you find them, and take them (captive), and besiege them, and prepare to ambush them. But if they repent and establish worship and pay the poor-due, then leave their way free. Lo! God is Forgiving, Merciful.

    9:6-8 And if anyone of the polytheists seeks your protection (O Muhammad), then protect him so that he may hear the word of God; and afterward convey him to his place of safety. That is because they are a folk who know not. How can there be a treaty with God and with His Messenger for the polytheists except those with whom you made a treaty at the Inviolable Place of Worship? So long as they are true to you, be true to them. Lo! God loves those who keep their duty. How (can there be any treaty for the others) when, if they have the upper hand of you, they regard neither pact nor honor in respect of you? They satisfy you with their mouths while their hearts refuse. And most of them are wrongdoers.

    9:9-11 They have purchased with the revelations of God a little gain, so they debar (men) from His way. Lo! Evil is that which they are wont to do. And they observe toward a believer neither pact nor honor. These are they who are transgressors. But if they repent and establish worship and pay the poor-due, then they are your brothers in religion. We detail Our revelations for a people who have knowledge.

    9:12-15 And if they break their pledges after their treaty (has been made with you) and assail your religion, then fight the heads of disbelief – Lo! They have no binding oaths – in order that they may desist. Will you not fight a folk who broke their solemn pledges, and purposed to drive out the Messenger and did attack you first? What! Do you fear them? God has more right that you should fear Him, if you are believers. Fight them! God will punish them at your hands, and He will lay them low and give you victory over them, and He will heal the breasts of folk who are believers. And He will remove the anger of their hearts. God forgives toward whom He wills. God is Knower, Wise.

    9:16 Or deemed you that you would be left (in peace) when God yet knows not those of you who fight hard, choosing for familiar none except God and His Messenger and the believers? God is informed of what you do.

    9:17-19 It is not for the polytheists to tend God's sanctuaries, bearing witness against themselves of disbelief. As for such, their works are vain and in the Fire they will abide. Only he shall tend God's sanctuaries who believes in God and the Last Day and observes proper worship and pays the poor-due and fears none except God. For such (only) is it possible that they can be of the rightly guided. Count you the slaking of a pilgrim's thirst and attendance of the Inviolable Place of Worship as (equal to the worth of him) who believes in God and the Last Day, and fights hard in the way of God? They are not equal in the sight of God. God guides not wrongdoing folk.

    9:20-22 Those who believe, and have left their homes and fought hard with their wealth and their lives in God's way are of much greater worth in God's sight. These are the ones who are triumphant. Their Lord gives them good tidings of mercy from Him, and acceptance, and Gardens where enduring pleasure will be theirs; there they will abide forever. Lo! With God there is immense reward.

    9:23-24 O you who believe! Choose for helpers (and protectors) neither your fathers nor your brethren if they take pleasure in disbelief rather than in faith. Whoever of you, takes them for helpers (and protectors), such are wrongdoers. Say: If your fathers, and your sons, and your brethren, and your wives, and your tribe, and the wealth that you have acquired, and merchandise for which you fear that there will be no sale, and dwellings you desire are dearer to you than God and His Messenger and striving and fighting in His way: then wait till God brings His command to pass. God guide s not wrongdoing folk.

    9:25-27 God has given you victory on many fields and on the day of Huneyn, when you exulted in your multitude but it availed you not, and the earth, vast as it is, was straitened for you; then you turned back in flight; then God sent His peace of reassurance down upon His Messenger and upon the believers, and sent down hosts you could not see, and punished those who disbelieved. Such is the reward of disbelievers. Then afterward God will forgive towards whom He will for God is Forgiving, Merciful.

    9:28 O you who believe! The polytheists only are unclean. So let them not come near the Inviolable Place of Worship after this their year. If you fear poverty (from the loss of their merchandise) God shall preserve you of His bounty if He will. Lo! God is Knower, Wise.

    9:29-31 Fight against such of those who have been given the Scripture and believe not in God nor the Last Day, and forbid not that which God has forbidden by His Messenger, and follow not the religion of truth, until they pay the tribute readily, being brought low. And the Jews say: Ezra is the son of God, and the Christians say: The Messiah is the son of God. That is their saying with their mouths. They imitate the saying of those who disbelieved of old. God (himself) fights against them. How perverse are they! They have taken as lords beside God their rabbis and their monks and the Messiah son of Mary, when they were bidden to worship only One God. None should be worshipped but God alone. Be He glorified from all that they ascribe as partner (to Him)!

    9:32-33 Gladly they would put out the light of God with their mouths, but God disdains (anything) except that He shall perfect His light, however much the disbelievers are averse. It is He, who has sent His Messenger with the guidance and the Religion of Truth that He may cause it to prevail over all religions, however much the polytheists may be averse.

    9:34-35 O you who believe! Lo! Many of the (Jewish) rabbis and the (Christian) monks devour the wealth of people wantonly and debar (men) from the way of God. They who hoard up gold and silver and spend it not in the way of God, to them give tidings (O Muhammad) of a painful punishment. On the Day when it will (all) be heated in the fire of Hell, and their foreheads and their flanks and their backs will be branded therewith (and it will be said to them): Here is that which you hoarded for yourselves. Now taste of what you used to hoard.

    9:36-37 Lo! The number of the months with God is twelve months by God's ordinance in the Day that He created the heavens and the earth. Four of them are sacred: that is the right religion. So wrong not yourselves in them. And wage war on all the polytheists as they are waging war on all of you. And know that God is with those who keep their duty (to Him). Postponement (of a sacred month) is only an excess of disbelief whereby those who disbelieve are misled, they allow it one year and forbid it (another) year, that they may make up the number of the months which God has hallowed, so that they allow that which God has forbidden. The evil of their deeds is made fair-seeming to them. God guides not the disbelieving folk.

    9:38-39 O you who believe! What ails you that when it is said to you: Go forth in the way of God, you are bowed down to the ground with heaviness. Take you pleasure in the life of the world rather than in the Hereafter? The comfort of the life of the world is but little in the Hereafter. If you go not forth He will afflict you with a painful punishment, and will choose instead of you a folk other than you. You cannot harm Him at all. God is Able to do all things.

    9:40 If you help him not, still God helped him when those who disbelieve drove him forth, the second of two; when they two were in the cave, when he said to his comrade: Grieve not. Lo! God is with us. Then God caused His peace of reassurance to descend upon him and supported him with hosts you cannot see, and made the word of those who disbelieved the nethermost, while God's word it was that became the uppermost. God is Mighty, Wise.

    9:41 Go forth, light armed and heavy armed, and fight hard with your wealth and your lives in the way of God! That is best for you if you but knew.

    9:42-44 Had it been a near adventure and an easy journey they would have followed you, but the distance seemed too far for them. Yet they will swear by God (saying): If we had been able we would surely have set out with you. They destroy their souls, and God knows that they verily are liars. God forgive you (O Muhammad) Wherefore did you grant them leave ere those who told the truth were manifest to you and you did know the liars? Those who believe in God and the Last Day ask no leave of you lest they should fight hard with their wealth and their lives. God is Aware of those who keep their duty (to Him).

    9:45-47 They alone ask leave of you who believe not in God and the Last Day, and whose hearts feel doubt, so in their doubt they waver. And if they had wished to go forth they would assuredly have made ready some equipment, but God was averse to their being sent forth and held them back and (it was said to them): Sit you with the sedentary! Had they gone forth among you they would have added to you nothing except trouble and would have hurried to and fro among you, seeking to cause sedition among you; and among you there are some who would have listened to them. God is Aware of evildoers.

    9:48-50 Aforetime they sought to cause sedition and raised difficulties for you till the Truth came and the decree of God was made manifest, though they were loath. Of them is he who says: Grant me leave (to stay at home) and tempt me not. Surely it is into temptation that they (thus) have fallen. Lo! Hell is all around the disbelievers. If good befalls you (O Muhammad) it afflicts them, and if calamity befalls you, they say: We took precaution, and they turn away well pleased.

    9:51-52 Say: Nothing befalls us except that which God has decreed for us. He is our Guardian (and Protector). In God let believers put their trust! Say: Can you await for us anything except one of two good things (death or victory in God's way)? While we await for you, that God will afflict you with a punishment from Him or at our hands. Await then! Lo! We are waiting with you.

    9:53-55 Say: Pay (your contribution), willingly or unwillingly, it will not be accepted from you. Lo! You were ever froward folk. And nothing prevents that their contributions should be accepted from them except that they have disbelieved in God and in His Messenger, and they come not to worship except as idlers, and pay not (their contribution) except reluctantly. So let not their riches nor their children please you (O Muhammad). God thereby intends but to punish them in the life of the world and that their souls shall pass away while they are disbelievers.

    9:56-59 And they swear by God that they are in truth of you, when they are not of you, but they are folk who are afraid. Had they but found a refuge, or caverns, or a place to enter, they would surely have resorted to it as swift as runaways. And of them is he who defames you in the matter of the alms. If they are given thereof they are content, and if they are not given thereof, behold! They are enraged. (How much more seemly) had they been content with that which God and His Messenger had given them and had said: God suffices us. God will give us of His bounty, and (also) His Messenger. To God we are suppliants.

    9:60 The alms are only for the poor and the needy, and those who collect them, and those whose hearts are to be reconciled, and to free the captives and the debtors, and for the cause of God, and (for) the wayfarers; a duty imposed by God. God is Knower, Wise.

    9:61-63 And of them are those who vex the Prophet and say: He is only a hearer. Say: A hearer of good for you, who believes in God and has confidence in the believers, and a mercy for such of you as believe. Those who vex the Messenger of God, for them there is a painful punishment. They swear by God to you (Muslims) to please you, but God, with His Messenger, has more right that they should please Him if they are believers. Know they not that whoever opposes God and His Messenger, his portion verily is Hell, to abide therein? That is the extreme abasement.

    9:64-68 The hypocrites fear lest a Surah (chapter) should be revealed concerning them, proclaiming what is in their hearts. Say : Scoff (your fill)! Lo! God is disclosing what you fear. And if you ask them (O Muhammad) they will say : We did but talk and jest. Say : was it at God and His revelations and His Messenger that you did scoff? Make no excuse. You have disbelieved after your (confession of) belief. If We forgive a party of you, a party of you We shall punish because they have been guilty. The hypocrites, both men and women, proceed one from another. They enjoin the wrong, and they forbid the right, and they withhold their hands (from spending in the cause of God) . They forget God, so He has forgotten them. Lo! The hypocrites, they are the transgressors. God promises the hypocrites, both men and women, and the disbelievers, the fire of Hell for their abode. It will suffice them. God curses them, and theirs is lasting torment.

    9:69 Even as those before you were mightier than you in strength, and more affluent than you in wealth and children. They enjoyed their lot a while, so you enjoy your lot a while even as those before you did enjoy their lot a while. And you prate even as they prated. Such are they whose works have perished in the world and the Hereafter. Such are they who are the losers.

    9:70 Has not the fame of those before them reached them – the folk of Noah, Aad, Thamud, the folk of Abraham, the dwellers of Midian and the disasters (which befell them – Lot's people)? Their Messengers (from God) came to them with proofs (of God's supreme power). God surely wronged them not, but they did wrong themselves.

    9:71 And the believers, men and women, are helpers (and protectors) of one another; they enjoin the right and forbid the wrong, and they establish worship and they pay the poor-due, and they obey God and His Messenger. As for these, God will have mercy on them. Lo! God is Mighty, Wise.

    9:72 God promises to the believers, men and women, Gardens underneath which rivers flow, wherein they will abide – blessed dwellings in Gardens of Eden. And greater (far)! .Acceptance from God. That is the supreme triumph.

    9:73-74 O Prophet! Fight hard against the disbelievers and the hypocrites! Be harsh with them. Their ultimate abode is Hell, an evil journey's end. They swear by God that they said nothing (wrong), yet they did say the word of disbelief, and did disbelieve after their acceptance of Islam (surrender to God). And they purposed that, which they could not attain, and they sought revenge only that God and His Messenger should enrich them of His bounty. If they repent it will be better for them; and if they turn away, God will afflict them with a painful punishment in the world and the Hereafter, and they have no protector nor helper in the earth.

    9:75-78 And of them is he who made a covenant with God (saying): If He gives us of His bounty we will give alms and become of the righteous. Yet when He gave them of His bounty, they hoarded it and turned away, averse; so He has made the consequence (to be) hypocrisy in their hearts until the day when they shall meet Him, because they broke their word to God that they promised Him, and because they lied. Know they not that God knows both their secret and the thoughts that they confide, and that God is the Knower of Things Hidden?

    9:79-80 Those who point at such of the believers as give the alms willingly and such as can find nothing to give but their endeavors, and deride them – God (Himself) derides them. Theirs will be a painful punishment. Ask forgiveness for them (O Muhammad), or ask not forgiveness for them; though you ask forgiveness for them seventy times God will not forgive them. That is because they disbelieved in God and His Messenger, and God guides not wrongdoing folk.

    9:81-84 Those who were left behind rejoiced at sitting still behind the Messenger of God, and were averse to fighting hard with their wealth and their lives in God's way. And they said: Go not forth in the heat! Say: The fire of Hell is more intense of heat, if they but understood. Then let them laugh a little: They will weep much, as the award of what they used to earn. If God brings you back (from the campaign) to a party of them and they ask of you leave, to go out (to fight), then say to them: You shall never more go out with me nor fight with me against a foe. You were content with sitting still the first time. So sit still, with the useless. And never (O Muhammad) pray for one of them who dies, nor stand by his grave. Lo! They disbelieved in God and His Messenger, and they died while they were evildoers.

    9:85-87 Let not their wealth nor their children please you! God purposes only to punish them thereby in the world, and that their souls shall pass away while they are disbelievers. And when a Surah (chapter) is revealed (which says) : Believe in God and fight hard along with His Messenger, the men of wealth among them still ask leave of you and say : Leave us to be with those who sit (at home) . They are content that they should be with the useless and their hearts are sealed , so that they apprehend not.

    9:88-89 But the Messenger and those who believe with him fight hard with their wealth and their lives. Such are they for whom are the good things. Such are they who are the successful. God has made ready for them Gardens underneath which rivers flow, wherein they will abide. That is the supreme triumph.

    9:90 And those among the wandering Arabs, who had an excuse, came in order that permission might be granted them. And those who lied to God and His Messenger sat at home. A painful punishment will fall on those of them who disbelieve.

    9:91 Not to the weak nor to the sick nor to those who can find nothing to spend is any fault (to be imputed though they stay at home) if they are true to God and His Messenger. Not to the good is there any road (of blame). God is Forgiving, Merciful.

    9:92-93 Nor to those whom, when they came to you (asking) that you should mount them, you did say: I cannot find whereon to mount you. They turned back with eyes flowing with tears, for sorrow that they could not find the means to spend. The road (of blame) is only against those who ask for leave of you (to stay at home) when they are rich. They are content to be with the useless. God has sealed their hearts so that they know not.

    9:94-96 They will make excuses to you (Muslims) when you return to them. Say: Make no excuse, for we shall not believe you. God has told us about you. God and His Messenger will see your conduct, and then you will be brought back to Him, Who knows the invisible as well as the visible, and He will tell you what you used to do. They will swear by God to you, when you return to them, that you may let them be. Let them be, for lo! They are unclean, and their abode is Hell as the reward for what they used to earn. They swear to you, that you may accept them. Though you accept them, God verily accepts not wrongdoing folk.

    9:97 The wandering Arabs are more severe in disbelief and hypocrisy, and more likely to be ignorant of the limits that God has revealed to His Messenger. And God is Knower, Wise.

    9:98 And of the wandering Arabs there is he who takes that which he expends (for the cause of God), as a loss, and he awaits (evil) turns of fortune for you (that he may be rid of it). The evil turn of fortune will be theirs. God is Hearer, Knower.

    9:99 And of the wandering Arabs there is he who believes in God and the Last Day, and takes that which he expends and also the prayers of the Messenger as acceptable offerings in the sight of God. Lo! Verily it is an acceptable offering for them. God will bring them into His mercy. Lo! God is Forgiving, Merciful.

    9:100 And the first to lead the way, of the Muhajirin (immigrants) and the Ansar (supporters – the people of Al-Madinah) , and those who followed them in goodness God is well pleased with them and they are well pleased with Him and He has made ready for them , Gardens underneath which rivers flow, wherein they will abide forever. That is the supreme triumph.

    9:101-102 And among those around you of the wandering Arabs there are hypocrites, and among the townspeople of Al-Madinah (there are some who) persist in hypocrisy that you (O Muhammad) know not. We know them, and We shall punish them twice; then they will be relegated to a painful punishment. And (there are) others who have acknowledged their faults. They mixed a righteous action with another that was bad. It may be that God will forgive toward them. Lo! God is Forgiving, Merciful.

    9:103 Take alms of their wealth, wherewith you may sanctify them and may purify them of their sins, and pray for them. Lo! Your prayer is an assuagement for them. God is Hearer, Knower.

    9:104 Know they not that God is He Who accepts repentance from His bondmen and takes the alms, and that God is He Who is the Forgiving, the Merciful.

    9:105-106 And say (to them): Act! God will behold your actions, and (so will) His Messenger and the believers, and you will be brought back to the Knower of the invisible and the visible, and He will tell you what you used to do. And (there are) others who await God's decree, whether He will punish them or will forgive them. God is Knower, Wise.

    9:107-110 And as for those who chose a place of worship out of opposition and disbelief, and in order to cause dissent among the believers, and as an outpost for those who warred against God and His Messenger aforetime, they will surely swear: We purposed nothing except good. God bears witness that they verily are liars. Never stand (to pray) there. A place of worship that was founded upon piety (to God) from the first day is more worthy that you should stand (to pray) therein, wherein are men who love to purify themselves. God loves the purifiers. Is he who founded his building upon piety to God and His good pleasure better; or he who founded his building on the brink of a crumbling, overhanging precipice so that it toppled with him into the fire of Hell? God guides not wrongdoing folk. The building that they built will never cease to be a misgiving in their hearts unless their hearts are torn to pieces. God is Knower, Wise.

    9:111-112 Lo! God has bought from the believers their lives and their wealth because the Garden will be theirs: they shall fight in the way of God and shall slay and be slain. It is a promise that is binding on Him in the Torah and the Gospel and the Quran. Who fulfills His covenant better than God? Rejoice then in your bargain that you have made, for that is the supreme triumph. (Triumphant are) those who turn repentant (to God), those who worship (Him), those who praise (Him), those who fast, those who bow down, those who fall prostrate (in worship), those who enjoin the right and who forbid the wrong and those who keep the limits (ordained) by God. And give glad tidings to believers!

    9:113-115 It is not for the Prophet, and those who believe, to pray for the forgiveness of polytheists even though they may be near of kin (to them) after it has become clear that they are the people of the Hell-fire. The prayer of Abraham for the forgiveness of his father was only because of a promise he had made to him, but when it had become clear to him that he (his father) was an enemy to God he (Abraham) disowned him. Lo! Abraham was soft of heart, lone suffering. It was never God's (part) that he should send a folk astray after He had guided them until He had made clear to them what they should avoid. Lo! God is Aware of all things.

    9:116 Lo! God! To Him belongs the supreme power of the heavens and the earth. He quickens and He gives death. And you have, instead of God, no protector nor helper.

    9:117 God has turned in mercy to the Prophet, and to the Muhajirin (immigrants) and the Ansar (supporters - the people of Madinah) who followed him in the hour of hardship. After the hearts of a party of them had almost swerved aside, then turned He to them in mercy. Lo! He is full of pity, Merciful to them.

    9:118 And to the three also (did He turn in mercy) who were left behind: when the earth, vast as it is, was straitened for them, and their own souls were straitened for them till they realized that there is no refuge from God except toward Him. Then turned He to them in mercy that they (too) might turn (repentant to Him). Lo! God! He is the Forgiving, the Merciful.

    9:119-123 O you who believe! Fear God, and be with the truthful. It is not for the townsfolk of Al-Madinah and for those around them of the wandering Arabs to stay behind the Messenger of God and prefer their lives to his life. That is because neither thirst nor toil nor hunger afflicts them in the way of God, nor step they any step that angers the disbelievers, nor gain they from the enemy a gain, but a good deed is recorded for them therefore. God loses not the wages of the good. Nor spend they any spending, small or great, nor do they cross a valley, but it is recorded for them, that God may repay them the best of what they used to do. And the believers should not all go out to fight. Of every troop of them, a party only should go forth, that they (who are left behind) may gain sound knowledge in religion, and that they may warn their folk when they return to them, so that they may beware. O you who believe! Fight those of the disbelievers who are near to you, and let them find harshness in you, and know that God is with those who keep their duty (to Him).

    9:124-127 And whenever a Surah (chapter) is revealed there are some of them who say : Which one of you has thus increased in faith? As for those who believe, it has increased them in faith and they rejoice (therefore). But as for those in whose hearts is disease, it only adds wickedness to their wickedness, and they die while they are disbelievers. See they not that they are tested once or twice in every year? Still they turn not in repentance, neither pay they heed. And whenever a Surah (chapter) is revealed, they look one at another (as who should say): Does anybody see you? Then they turn away. God turns away their hearts because they are a folk who understand not.

    9:128 There has come to you a Messenger, (one) of yourselves, to whom anything that you are overburdened with is grievous, full of concern for you, for the believers full of pity, merciful.

    9:129 Now, if they turn away (O Muhammad) say: God suffices me. None should be worshipped but God alone. In Him have I put my trust, and He is Lord of the Tremendous Throne.